Rental Cars


Spring break puts many families in mind of a vacation, and rental cars are often a part of that happy picture. Still, it pays to remember that the contract the rental company asks you to sign at the counter is a legal contract. Make sure that you read and understand the terms. The contract should clearly list the base rate for the rental car, any extra fees, and the length of the rental period.
Are you guaranteed a car if you have confirmed reservations? Not necessarily.
First, you must have a valid driver’s license. In several states, major car rental companies have electronic links to government computers where they can quickly obtain driver records (motor vehicle reports) when someone wants to rent a car. They may refuse a rental contract if the applicant has too many violations on his or her record. Some major rental and leasing companies also require that customers have a major credit card and be at least 18 years old; some consider only credit card holders aged 25 or older. The company might waive the age requirement if you have an account number in your name through a motor club or other association or if you have a rental account through your business.
You also should be aware that discounts are available through so many bodies- professional organizations, unions, frequent-flier clubs, etc.-that many people seldom pay the full price for their rental cars. When you pick up your car, it may be possible to negotiate for an upgrade to a better car.
But what the rental agency can give, it also can take away by charging for “extras.” Additional fees might include drop-off fees that will apply if you pick up and return the car in different locations. There may also be fuel charges, extra mileage fees, and fees for renting equipment such as child safety seats or ski racks.
The company is almost certain to offer you the Collision Damage Waiver (CDW) option. If you agree to an extra charge, the rental company will cover damage to your rental car. However, that coverage usually does not include personal injuries or personal property damage. Before accepting this option, make sure your own automobile, medical, and homeowner’s insurance policies would not already protect you in an accident involving a rented car. (Hint: If those policies don’t protect you, talk to your insurance broker because this is standard coverage, although your own policy’s deductible may be higher than that offered by the CDW.) Coverage outside the United States is not standard, but your credit card nevertheless may offer insurance that does apply outside the country. Finally, check with your credit card company to see if using your card to rent a car comes with any insurance benefits and find out what they are.
When you accept your rental car, carefully check it for damage and note any damage on the rental agreement before you drive off the lot. And, enjoy your vacation!


This article does not constitute legal advice but presents only a general overview of common legal principles. Those principles may vary by jurisdiction. You should consult legal counsel with regard to your specific situation. No attorney-client relationship is formed by the publishing of this article.